2022 Blue Sea Systems Catalog

bluesea.com APPENDIX 166 DC Main Circuit Protection and Branch Circuit Protection Purpose Fuses and circuit breakers are used to protect wire insulation IroP PeltinJ and startinJ fires in the eYent of overcurrents or short circuits which cause more aPperaJe to ȵow in a wire than that wire is rated to carr\ It is important to note that, except for those wires that are intended to carry starting currents, every positive wire in the '& 0ain 3ower 'istribution 6\steP Pust be protected by a fuse or circuit breaker. Considerations for DC Main Circuit Protection Mounting Placement ȫ distance from power source. The DC Main circuit protection system uses circuit breakers or fuses to protect the wires of the DC Main distribution system. The American Boat and Yacht Council $%<& publishes Yoluntar\ standards Ior the t\pe and placement of the fuse or circuit breaker to be used as a DC Main circuit protection device. Wire intended to carry engine starting currents between the batteries, the switch, and the starter is not required to have main circuit protection devices installed. Maximum mounting placement dimensions for a fuse or circuit breaker are 7" if the conductor is not housed in a sheath or enclosure in addition to the wire insulation, 40" if the conductor is housed in a sheath or enclosure in addition to the wire insulation, and " if the conductor is connected directly to the battery and housed in a sheath or enclosure in addition to the wire insulation. Selecting DC Main Circuit Protection The principal attribute of a DC Main circuit protection device is its $Ppere Interrupt &apacit\ $I& ratinJ 6pecifications listed in the ABYC standards determine the AIC a DC Main circuit protection device must have. The required AIC rating is determined by the total CCA of the batteries connected to the circuit. See the tables at right for the required AIC ratings. Wire selection for DC applications on boats is usually based on voltage drop requirements. However, there is a maximum continuous current that the wire can withstand without overheating. Higher grade marine wires are rated Ior serYice up to r& r) ȃthe $%<& wire capacit\ table for 105°C is most frequently quoted. The 105°C table accuratel\ reȵects the capacit\ oI sinJle conductors exposed to freely circulating cooling air. However, other factors, such as covering bundles of wire in outer jackets to form a cable, or use of conduits or structural voids to protect wires, can reduce the cooling and reduce the safe capacity of the wire. A more conservative strategy is to use the 105°C wire, but treat it according to the 75°C table above when selecting circuit protection unless the wire is openly exposed for cooling. Total Connected Battery Cold Cranking Amperes (CCA) * Ampere Interrupt Capacity 12V AND 24V The white boxes identify two batteries, of the same size, pOaced in paraOOeO confiJuration DC MAIN DC BRANCH 650 CCA or Less 1,500 AIC 750 AIC 651–1,100 CCA 3,000 AIC 1,500 AIC 1,101–2,200 CCA 5,000 AIC 2,500 AIC >2,200 CCA 20,000 AIC @ 125V DC or battery short circuit rating 3,000 AIC 32V 1,250 CCA or Less 3,000 AIC 1,500 AIC Over 1,250 CCA 5,000 AIC 2,500 AIC G24 G27 OR OR 8D 4D 4D OR OR G24 G24 G27 G27 4D $%<& ( reTuires the use of circuit Ereakers that can Ee reused and reset and that the\ Ee appOied as per the taEOe aEoYe 7he standard does not strictO\ reTuire that fuses Ee appOied in the same way, but it is an issue to consider, especially with high amp fuses used to protect panel feeders or inverters. Fuses under 10 Amp rating generally have such a high internal resistance they prevent fault currents from reaching 1000 Amps in 12 Volt circuits. The apparent contradiction Zhen usinJ these fuses for EiOJe puPps and other circuits directO\ o΍ the Eatter\ is less of an issue than it might seem. If a fuse blows, and the case appears to be cracked or metal has been ejected, the fuse holder should be replaced. ABYC Interrupt Rating Table † Thermally limited amperage capacity See the Blue Sea Systems Circuit Wizard at circuitwizard.bluesea.com or pages 161-163 for more assistance with wire and circuit protection selection. Standard Metric 75°C 90°C 105°C 75°C 90°C 105°C Ohms /1000ft Ohms /1000m AWG mm² Eng Rm Eng Rm Eng Rm Eng Rm Eng Rm Eng Rm mm dia 0.75 9.5 7 19 15.5 19 16 6.6 5.0 13 11 13 11 0.98 7.29 23.92 18 0.82 10 8 20 16 20 17 7 5 14 12 14 12 1.02 6.67 21.88 1.0 13 10 21 17 21 18 9 7 15 12 15 13 1.13 5.47 17.94 16 1.3 15 11 25 21 25 21 11 8 18 14 18 15 1.29 4.17 13.70 1.5 16 12 24 20 29 24 11 9 17 14 20 17 1.38 3.65 11.96 14 2.1 20 15 30 25 35 30 14 11 21 17 25 21 1.63 2.63 8.63 2.5 21 16 34 28 38 32 15 11 23 19 26 22 1.78 2.19 7.18 12 3.3 25 19 40 33 45 38 18 13 28 23 32 27 2.05 1.65 5.42 4.0 34 25 46 38 51 43 24 18 32 27 35 30 2.26 1.37 4.49 10 5.3 40 30 55 45 60 51 28 21 39 32 42 36 2.59 1.04 3.41 6.0 53 40 57 47 65 55 37 28 40 33 45 39 2.76 0.91 2.99 8 8.4 65 49 70 57 80 68 46 34 49 40 56 48 3.27 0.65 2.14 10.0 79 60 84 69 100 85 56 42 59 48 70 60 3.6 0.55 1.79 6 13.3 95 71 100 82 120 102 67 50 70 57 84 71 4.1 0.41 1.35 16.0 105 79 113 93 134 114 73 55 79 65 94 80 4.5 0.34 1.12 4 21 125 94 135 111 160 136 88 66 95 78 112 95 5.2 0.26 0.85 25 141 106 150 123 175 148 99 74 105 86 122 104 5.6 0.22 0.72 3 27 145 109 155 127 180 153 102 76 109 89 126 107 5.8 0.21 0.67 2 34 170 128 180 148 210 179 119 89 126 103 147 125 6.5 0.16 0.53 35 173 130 186 153 217 185 121 91 130 107 152 129 6.7 0.16 0.51 1 42 195 146 210 172 245 208 137 102 147 121 172 146 7.3 0.13 0.42 50 220 165 235 193 273 232 154 116 164 135 191 163 8.0 0.109 0.36 0 54 230 173 245 201 285 242 161 121 172 141 200 170 8.3 0.102 0.34 00 68 265 199 285 234 330 281 186 139 200 164 231 196 9.3 0.081 0.27 70 274 206 292 239 341 289 192 144 204 168 238 203 9.4 0.078 0.26 000 85 310 233 330 271 385 327 217 163 231 189 270 229 10.4 0.064 0.21 95 334 251 357 293 413 351 234 175 250 205 289 246 11.0 0.058 0.19 0000 107 360 270 385 316 445 378 252 189 270 221 312 265 11.7 0.051 0.17 120 387 290 414 339 478 406 271 203 290 237 335 284 12.4 0.046 0.15 150 445 333 476 390 550 467 311 233 333 273 385 327 13.8 0.036 0.12 REFERENCE DATA WIRE SIZE ABYC Ampacity Rating Table at 30°C † TEMPERATURE RATING OF CONDUCTOR INSULATION Data based on E-11 Table VI-A (single conductors in free air) Data based on E-11 Table VI-B (Up to three conductors in a sheath, conduit or bundle) 6$( conductors are sPaOOer than eTuiYaOent $:* E\ to Zith current capacit\ t\picaOO\ Oess E\ Ζ62 5atinJs for Petric Zire are sOiJhtO\ Oess than these YaOues derived from ABYC VI-A ratings. ȏ )or bundles oI to conductors Pultipl\ b\ ȏ )or bundles oI to conductors Pultipl\ b\ ȏ )or bundles oI or Pore conductors Pultipl\ b\ Wires counted in bundles need not include: 1.Wires carrying intermittent currents no more than rating per VI-A and for less than one minute per mm of diameter, and not repeating more often than a delay of 5X times active duration. :ires carr\inJ load currents at less than oI the wire ratinJ per table 9I % * %atter\ cold cranNinJ perIorPance ratinJ at r& r) 7he discharJe load in aPps that a batter\ at r& r) can deliYer Ior seconds and Paintain a YoltaJe oI 9 per cell or hiJher e J 9 Ior a 9 batter\ 7he &&$ Ior the batter\ icons in this chart is an appro[iPation and could be sliJhtl\ hiJher or lower &onsult the batter\ PanuIacturerȇs specifications Ior precise &&$ ratinJs $ batter\ rated in 0&$ will haYe a &&$ capacit\ appro[iPatel\ oI 0&$ 8D 8D

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